Select Page
Easton's Bible Dictionary (Q)

          The Israelites were twice relieved in their privation by a
          miraculous supply of quails, (1) in the wilderness of Sin (Ex.
          16:13), and (2) again at Kibroth-hattaavah (q.v.), Num. 11:31.
          God “rained flesh upon them as dust, and feathered fowls like as
          the sand of the sea” (Ps. 78:27). The words in Num. 11:31,
          according to the Authorized Version, appear to denote that the
          quails lay one above another to the thickness of two cubits
          above the ground. The Revised Version, however, reads, “about
          two cubits above the face of the earth”, i.e., the quails flew
          at this height, and were easily killed or caught by the hand.
          Being thus secured in vast numbers by the people, they “spread
          them all abroad” (11:32) in order to salt and dry them.

          These birds (the Coturnix vulgaris of naturalists) are found in
          countless numbers on the shores of the Mediterranean, and their
          annual migration is an event causing great excitement.

          A mountain some 1,200 feet high, about 7 miles north-west of
          Jericho, the traditional scene of our Lord’s temptation (Matt.

          (1.) The “Royal Quarries” (not found in Scripture) is the name
          given to the vast caverns stretching far underneath the northern
          hill, Bezetha, on which Jerusalem is built. Out of these mammoth
          caverns stones, a hard lime-stone, have been quarried in ancient
          times for the buildings in the city, and for the temples of
          Solomon, Zerubbabel, and Herod. Huge blocks of stone are still
          found in these caves bearing the marks of pick and chisel. The
          general appearance of the whole suggests to the explorer the
          idea that the Phoenician quarrymen have just suspended their
          work. The supposition that the polished blocks of stone for
          Solomon’s temple were sent by Hiram from Lebanon or Tyre is not
          supported by any evidence (comp. 1 Kings 5:8). Hiram sent masons
          and stone-squarers to Jerusalem to assist Solomon’s workmen in
          their great undertaking, but did not send stones to Jerusalem,
          where, indeed, they were not needed, as these royal quarries
          abundantly testify.

          (2.) The “quarries” (Heb. pesilim) by Gilgal (Judg. 3:19), from
          which Ehud turned back for the purpose of carrying out his
          design to put Eglon king of Moab to death, were probably the
          “graven images” (as the word is rendered by the LXX. and the
          Vulgate and in the marg. A.V. and R.V.), or the idol temples the
          Moabites had erected at Gilgal, where the children of Israel
          first encamped after crossing the Jordan. The Hebrew word is
          rendered “graven images” in Deut. 7:25, and is not elsewhere
          translated “quarries.”

          Fourth, a Corinthian Christian who sent by Paul his salutations
          to friends at Rome (Rom. 16:23).

          A band of four soldiers. Peter was committed by Herod to the
          custody of four quaternions, i.e., one quaternion for each watch
          of the night (Acts 12:4). Thus every precaution was taken
          against his escape from prison. Two of each quaternion were in
          turn stationed at the door (12:6), and to two the apostle was
          chained according to Roman custom.

          No explicit mention of queens is made till we read of the “queen
          of Sheba.” The wives of the kings of Israel are not so
          designated. In Ps. 45:9, the Hebrew for “queen” is not malkah,
          one actually ruling like the Queen of Sheba, but shegal, which
          simply means the king’s wife. In 1 Kings 11:19, Pharaoh’s wife
          is called “the queen,” but the Hebrew word so rendered (g’birah)
          is simply a title of honour, denoting a royal lady, used
          sometimes for “queen-mother” (1 Kings 15:13; 2 Chron. 15:16). In
          Cant. 6:8, 9, the king’s wives are styled “queens” (Heb.

          In the New Testament we read of the “queen of the south”, i.e.,
          Southern Arabia, Sheba (Matt. 12:42; Luke 11:31) and the “queen
          of the Ethiopians” (Acts 8:27), Candace.

   Queen of heaven
          (Jer. 7:18; 44:17, 25), the moon, worshipped by the Assyrians as
          the receptive power in nature.

          Found only in Acts 27:17, the rendering of the Greek Syrtis. On
          the north coast of Africa were two localities dangerous to
          sailors, called the Greater and Lesser Syrtis. The former of
          these is probably here meant. It lies between Tripoli and Barca,
          and near Cyrene. The Lesser Syrtis lay farther to the west.

          The sheath for arrows. The Hebrew word (aspah) thus commonly
          rendered is found in Job 39:23; Ps. 127:5; Isa. 22:6; 49:2; Jer.
          5:16; Lam. 3:13. In Gen. 27:3 this word is the rendering of the
          Hebrew teli, which is supposed rather to mean a suspended
          weapon, literally “that which hangs from one”, i.e., is
          suspended from the shoulder or girdle.

          From the Old Testament in the New, which are very numerous, are
          not made according to any uniform method. When the New Testament
          was written, the Old was not divided, as it now is, into
          chapters and verses, and hence such peculiarities as these: When
          Luke (20:37) refers to Ex. 3:6, he quotes from “Moses at the
          bush”, i.e., the section containing the record of Moses at the
          bush. So also Mark (2:26) refers to 1 Sam. 21:1-6, in the words,
          “in the days of Abiathar;” and Paul (Rom. 11:2) refers to 1
          Kings ch. 17-19, in the words, “in Elias”, i.e., in the portion
          of the history regarding Elias.

          In general, the New Testament writers quote from the Septuagint
          (q.v.) version of the Old Testament, as it was then in common
          use among the Jews. But it is noticeable that these quotations
          are not made in any uniform manner. Sometimes, e.g., the
          quotation does not agree literally either with the LXX. or the
          Hebrew text. This occurs in about one hundred instances.
          Sometimes the LXX. is literally quoted (in about ninety
          instances), and sometimes it is corrected or altered in the
          quotations (in over eighty instances).

          Quotations are sometimes made also directly from the Hebrew text
          (Matt. 4:15, 16; John 19:37; 1 Cor. 15:54). Besides the
          quotations made directly, there are found numberless allusions,
          more or less distinct, showing that the minds of the New
          Testament writers were filled with the expressions and ideas as
          well as historical facts recorded in the Old.

          There are in all two hundred and eighty-three direct quotations
          from the Old Testament in the New, but not one clear and certain
          case of quotation from the Apocrypha (q.v.).

          Besides quotations in the New from the Old Testament, there are
          in Paul’s writings three quotations from certain Greek poets,
          Acts 17:28; 1 Cor. 15:33; Titus 1:12. These quotations are
          memorials of his early classical education.